Monday, 10 October 2011

Lesson 7

Lesson 7: Extinct And Endangered Species

Learning Objective

Understanding the responsibility of human beings in protecting endangered species

Syllabus Correlations

· Theme: Investigating Living Things

· Learning Area: Interaction Among Living Things

· Learning Objective: Understanding the responsibility of human beings in protecting endangered


Learning Outcomes:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

· give examples of extinct animals;

· give examples of endangered animals;

· give examples of endangered plants.

Concept(s) Introduced:

·examples of extinct animals;

·examples of endangered animals and plants.

Skills Covered:

· Observing, classifying, making inferences, interpreting data, making conclusions, comparing and contrasting.

Vocabulary/ New Words:

· bud, climate, conserved, critically, endangered, extinct, fossils, inhabit, rarest, threat

Value(s) Incorporated:

· Having an interest in and curiosity about the environment.

· Being diligent and persevering.

· Realising that science is a means to understand nature.

· Thinking rationally

Materials Needed:


Point(s) to Note:

Teaching Strategies

Set Induction

Play the introduction component. Explain what is mean by extinct.

Emphasise that animals or plants do not become extinct overnight. They take hundreds, thousands or millions of year to become extinct. Ask pupils to imagine that some of the animals or plants that we see today are no longer around. What will happen?

Prompt pupils to answer. Accept all answers.

Component: Introduction

Step 1

Ask pupils how do we know specifically when a species of animal or plant is extinct? Play the video in the content component. Pause the video on dinosaurs. Ask pupils to give some names of dinosaurs. Let pupils watch the video of extinct animals. Pause the video for a while. Prompt pupils to say out the name of these extinct animals. Give reasons why these animals became extinct. Prompt pupils to answer why climate affects the survival of these extinct animals. Guide pupils to know that fossils are the evidence of the existence of these animals.

Component: Content 1

Step 2

Let pupils watch the video on endangered animals. Give the concept of endangered animals. Emphasise that those animals that are facing the threat of extinction are called endangered animals. Show some pictures of endangered species. Explain why the tiger, orang utan, elephant, pangolin and rhinoceros are endangered animals. Prompt pupils to give some other examples of endangered animals. Guide pupils to understand that the endangered species must be protected and conserved so that future generations can enjoy their presence. After showing the video, ask pupils to summarise why these four animals have become endangered.

Component: Content 2

Step 3

Show the photo of the Rafflesia and pitcher plant. Ask pupils to give the names of these two plants and their background. Explain to pupils these two plants are endangered species. Give the reasons why they have become endangered species

After showing the video, ask pupils to summarise why these two plants have become endangered.

Component: Content 3

Step 4

Conduct a study on the Wira Alam Project. This project is to encourage environmental awareness. This project is aimed at conserving the environment.

Encourage pupils to visit the Sahabat Alam or the local Department of Environment office to find out more about this project. Pupils are prompted to register to take part in the Wira Alam project.

Component: Activity

Step 5

There are five questions in this component covering the learning outcomes. Questions 1 to 3 are objective questions. Q4 is a drag and drop activity. Pupils drag and drop the correct answers for the questions. Q5 consists of true or false questions. Pupils need to identify whether the statements are true or false.

Use evaluation that will assess the pupils’ understanding of the lesson.

Component: Evaluation

Step 6

Ask pupils how the fossils are formed. Shows some paper cuttings about fossils. Take the dinosaur as an example: when a dinosaur dies, the sand and mud build up and cover the dead body. The bones turn to stone. The fossil is on the surface. Explain that when the rock wears away, the fossils are left on the surface where it can be dug out and examined.

Component: Extension


Conclude the lesson by playing this component to further reinforce understanding of the lesson. Ask pupils to give examples of extinct and endangered animals. Give examples of endangered plants. Prompt pupils to give examples of these three groups.

Component: Summary

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