Sunday, 9 October 2011

Lesson 5

Lesson 5: Why Animals Compete?

Learning Objective

Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things

Syllabus Correlations

· Theme: Investigating Living Things

· Learning Area: Interaction Among the Animals

· Learning Objective: Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things

Learning Outcomes:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

· list the factors that animals compete for;

· give reasons why animals compete.

Concept(s) Introduced:

·animals compete among themselves for several reasons.

Skills Covered:

· Observing, classifying, making inferences, interpreting data, making conclusions, comparing and contrasting.

Vocabulary/ New Words:

· barnacles, breeding, food, limited, mate, nest, resources, space, water, pregnant, wrestle, strength, give, birth

Value(s) Incorporated:

· Having an interest in and curiosity about the environment.

· Being diligent and persevering.

· Realising that science is a means to understand nature.

· Thinking rationally

Materials Needed:


Point(s) to Note:


Teaching Strategies

Set Induction

Play the introduction component. Let the pupils watch the few photos on animals fighting and competing with each other. Pause the video and ask the pupils to discuss why animals compete with each other. Accept all the answer given.

Component: Introduction

Step 1

Post a question to pupils on why animals compete with each other before playing the video. Play the five videos. Encourage pupils to list the things they compete for. Guide pupils to understand why animals compete. Emphasise the reasons why competition occurs among animals - because the animals need to compete for food, water, shelter, space and territory as these resources are limited.

Component : Content

Step 2

In this activity, pupils need to answer five questions correctly. Pupils have to fill in the blanks for the questions displayed. This activity is game-based. It covers all learning outcomes.

Component: Activity

Step 3

There are five questions in this component covering the learning outcomes. Questions 1 to 3 are objective questions. Q4 consists of true or false questions. Pupils need to identify whether the statements are true or false.

Use evaluation that will assess the pupils’ understanding of the lesson.

Component: Evaluation

Step 4

This extension is on how the male seahorse competes with each other to get pregnant. The male seahorse has to wrestle with other male seahorses to show its strength to attract a female seahorse.

Component: Extension


Conclude the lesson by playing this component to further reinforce understanding of the lesson. Guide pupils to list the things that animals compete for and give reasons why animals compete. Prompt pupils to understand these factors that affect competition among animals.

Component: Summary

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